Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation 2 (GFTA-2)

Measure articulation of consonant sounds

By Ronald Goldman and Macalyne Fristoe

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Age range
2 years to 21 years 11 months
Administration time
5 to 15 minutes
Administration type

"The Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation 2 is the most widely used test in speech-language pathology." ASHA Product Survey (2005)


The Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation 2 gives you updated norms and expanded features, while remaining accurate and easy to administer.

The Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation 2 provides information about a child’s articulation ability by sampling both spontaneous and imitative sound production.
Examinees respond to picture plates and verbal cues from the examiner with single-word answers that demonstrate common speech sounds. Additional sections provide further measures of speech production.

Use this test to measure articulation of consonant sounds and determine types of misarticulation.


  • Goldman-Fristoe Test of Articulation 2 is efficient and easy to use
  • User friendly colour-coding for recording initial - medial - final sounds
  • Multiple testing of speech sounds within a word and page
  • Opportunity to sample both spontaneous and imitated production of speech sounds
  • Examine the stimulability of mis-articulated sounds through a simple hierarchy commencing at the sound in isolation through to a phrase

Supplemental Developmental Norms Booklet

Organisations find the Supplemental Developmental Norms Booklet included in the kit advantageous. With it they can use the norms—based on developmental data—to set their own cut-off criteria for intervention services qualification.

Easy to administer

Sounds-in-Words uses colourful, entertaining pictures to prompt responses that sample the major speech sounds in the initial, medial, and final positions.

Suggested cues have been added for the examiner to help elicit spontaneous responses by the examinee.

Additional sections provide a fuller sampling of the examinee’s ability to produce speech sounds and to reproduce sounds when modelled by the examiner.

With streamlined test administration, the Goldman-Fristoe 2 is an efficient way to obtain a representative sample of an examinee’s articulation ability.

Three sections sample a wide range of articulation skills

  1. Sounds-in-Words Section uses pictures to elicit articulation of the major speech sounds when the examinee is prompted by a visual and/or verbal cue

  2. Sounds-in-Sentences Section assesses spontaneous sound production used in connected speech. The examinee is asked to retell a short story based on a picture cue. Target speech sounds are sampled within the context of simple sentences

  3. Stimulability Section measures the examinee’s ability to correctly produce a previously misarticulated sound when asked to watch and listen to the examiner’s production of the sound. The examinee repeats the word or phrase modeled by the examiner

The KPLA-2 (Khan-Lewis Phonological Analysis, Second Edition) works with the Goldman-Fristoe 2 to give you a more comprehensive diagnosis of both articulation and use of phonological processes.


Items & Pricing
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Q-interactive (Test Instruments on iPad)

ISBN Title User Level Price
9781488692116 Q-interactive Speech Pathology Annual Licence Fee 1-3 Test Instruments (per user) S $215.00 Login to purchase

Please note Subtest Administration fees also apply visit for more information.

The Client Services Team will be in contact with you to confirm the test instruments for your Annual Licence

Additional Materials

ISBN Title User Level Price
9314994231915 GFTA-2 Record Forms (Pack of 25) S $80.00 Login to purchase

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Technical Information

Technical Information

Software Requirements

The GFTA-2 ASSIST software requirements are supported by the following Operating Systems: Windows 2000 (32 Bit), Windows XP (32 Bit), Mac OS X.


For more information about GFTA-2 digital, go to