Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-Adolescent Restructured Form

A test of adolescent psychopathology
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25107 Qualification Level C

Administration time: 50 min


AUD 161.15


Publication date:
Completion time:
25 to 30 minutes computer-administered; 30-45 minutes paper and pencil
Individual; Q-global; administration, scoring and/or reporting, or manual scoring
Age range:
14-18 years old
Qualification level:

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Product Details

Please note - this product is also available to psychiatrists upon request.

The MMPI-A-RF is the most up-to-date, empirically based personality assessment for use with adolescents. The test mirrors the structure of the MMPI-2-RF, the most recent version for use with adults, and includes several adolescent-specific scales.  The MMPI-A-RF is composed of 241 items, is linked to current models of psychopathology and personality, and features 48 empirically validated scales relevant for use with adolescents in a variety of clinical, forensic, and school settings.

The MMPI-A-RF provides a valuable alternative to the MMPI-A test. The MMPI-A test continues to be published and fully supported by the University of Minnesota Press and distributed exclusively by Pearson.

How to use this test

The MMPI-A-RF provides relevant information to aid clinicians in problem identification, diagnosis, and treatment planning for adolescents' ages 14 to 18. Clinical, school, and counseling psychologists can use this self-report inventory to support:

  • Diagnosis and treatment planning in a variety of settings.
  • Early identification of potential problems and possible root causes.
  • Information sharing with parents, teachers, and others in the adolescent's support network.
  • Decision making for appropriate referrals.


MMPI-A-RF Overview

The MMPI-A-RF is the most up-to-date, empirically based personality assessment for use with adolescents. Watch this recording which covers a comprehensive overview of this test.

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Key Features

  • Psychometrically up-to-date and linked to current models of psychopathology. The test manual provides comprehensive documentation on the development of this contemporary broadband assessment - including empirical correlates of the scales in a variety of settings.
  • Comparison Groups. Data are reported in the test manual, and can be accessed in the reports for an additional level of interpretation that allows the comparison of individual test results with relevant reference groups. 
  • Customizable reporting. Innovative scoring and reporting software allows a clinician to create and share custom comparison groups as well as to set user-designated parameters for reporting item-level information on additional scales and for lowering cutoffs on critical responses.
  • Nationally representative normative sample. Drawn from the MMPI-A normative sample, the MMPI-A-RF norms consists of 1,610 adolescents (805 boys; 805 girls) ages 14 to 18 years of age from several regions of the U.S., a balanced sample for region, rural-urban residence, and ethnicity.
  • Only 30-45 minutes to administer.  Save even more time with computer administration, which takes only 25 to 30 minutes.  

Comparison Groups

The following gender-specific comparison groups are available in the Score and Interpretive Reports.

  • MMPI-A-RF Normative (boys) (girls)
  • Psychiatric Outpatient, National (boys) (girls)
  • Psychiatric Inpatient, National (boys) (girls)
  • Acute Psychiatric Inpatient, Midwest (boys) (girls)
  • Psychiatric Residential Treatment, Midwest (boys) (girls)
  • Forensic Predisposition, Mid-Atlantic (boys) (girls)
  • Forensic Correctional, National (boys) (girls)
  • Forensic Detention, Midwest (boys)
  • Medical Setting, National (boys) (girls)
  • School Setting, National (boys) (girls)


CNS - Cannot Say (reported as a raw score only, not plotted)
VRIN-r - Variable Response Inconsistency
TRIN-r - True Response Inconsistency
CRIN - Combined Response Inconsistency
F-r - Infrequent Responses
L-r - Uncommon Virtues
K-r - Adjustment Validity

Higher-Order (H-O) and Restructured Clinical (RC)
Higher-Order (H-O)
EID - Emotional/Internalizing Dysfunction
THD - Thought Dysfunction
BXD - Behavioral/Externalizing Dysfunction

Restructured Clinical (RC) 
RCd - Demoralization
RC1 - Somatic Complaints
RC2 - Low Positive Emotions
RC3 - Cynicism
RC4 - Antisocial Behavior 
RC6 - Ideas of Persecution
RC7 - Dysfunctional Negative Emotions
RC8 - Aberrant Experiences
RC9 - Hypomanic Activation

Somatic/Cognitive and Internalizing 
MLS - Malaise
GIC - Gastrointestinal Complaints
HPC - Head Pain Complaints
NUC - Neurological Complaints
COG - Cognitive Complaints

HLP - Helplessness/Hopelessness
SFD - Self-Doubt
NFC – Inefficacy
OCS - Obsessions/Compulsions
STW - Stress/Worry
AXY - Anxiety
ANP - Anger Proneness
BRF - Behavior-Restricting Fears
SPF -  Specific Fears

Externalizing and Interpersonal 
NSA - Negative School Attitudes 
ASA - Antisocial Attitudes
CNP - Conduct Problems
SUB - Substance Abuse
NPI - Negative Peer Influence 
AGG - Aggression

FML - Family Problems
IPP - Interpersonal Passivity
SAV - Social Avoidance
SHY - Shyness
DSF – Disaffiliativeness

Personality Psychopathology Five (PSY-5) 
AGGR-r - Aggressiveness-Revised
PSYC-r - Psychoticism-Revised
DISC-r - Disconstraint-Revised
NEGE-r - Negative Emotionality/Neuroticism-Revised
INTR-r - Introversion/Low Positive Emotionality-Revised

Psychometric Information

The MMPI-A-RF normative sample is drawn from the MMPI-A normative sample. It consists of 1,610 adolescents (805 boys; 805 girls) ages 14 to 18  from several regions of the U.S., a balanced sample for region, rural-urban residence, and ethnicity.

The Score and Interpretive Reports provide raw and scores for all 48 empirically validated scales of the MMPI-A-RF. Comparative means and standard deviations from one of 10 different standard settings, or a custom comparison group, can optionally be reported.

Score Report

  • Six validity scales offer reliable measures of random responding, fixed responding, over-reporting, and under-reporting—enabling clinicians to comprehensively assess protocol validity.
  • Higher-Order Scales assess the three over-arching dimensions of psychopathology: Emotional Internalizing Dysfunction (EID), Thought Dysfunction (THD), and Behavioral/Externalizing Dysfunction (BXD).
  • Somatic/Cognitive and Internalizing Scales include measures of self-reported poor health and specific somatic and cognitive complaints as well as measures of emotional dysfunction.
  • Externalizing, Interpersonal, and Interest Scales provide measures of behavioral dysfunction; measures of specific types of interpersonal dysfunction; and measures of two types of general interests.
  • Updated from the MMPI-A, Harkness and McNulty's PSY-5 Scales provide a temperament-oriented perspective on major dimensions of personality pathology.

Interpretive Report

In addition to full scoring information, the Interpretive Report contains the following narrative sections:

  • Comprehensive information about potential threats to test validity
  • Substantive Scale Interpretation—Description of clinical symptoms, personality characteristics, and behavioral tendencies
  • Diagnostic Considerations—Any diagnostic possibilities indicated by test results
  • Treatment Considerations—Recommendations pertaining to treatment planning
  • Item-Level Information—List of unscorable responses, critical responses, and user-designated item-level information (if selected)
  • Endnotes—Identification of scores that triggered each statement

Scoring and Reporting Options

Q-global™ Web-based Administration, Scoring, and Reporting  - Enables you to quickly assess and efficiently organize examinee information, generate scores, and produce accurate comprehensive reports all via the Web.

Mail-in Scoring Service - Specially designed answer sheets are mailed to Pearson and are processed within 24–48 hours of receipt; results returned via regular mail.

Manual Scoring – Administer assessments on answer sheets and score them yourself with answer keys and profile/record forms.



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